T H E P E A C E S Y M B O L
The Internationally known symbol for Peace was originally designed by Gerald Holtom, 1958, for the British Nuclear Disarmament Movement. Holtom created the symbol for a protest march from Trafalgar Square in London, to the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment. The symbol later spread to the USA and was used in several peace movements. Ever since the 60's, the peace symbol has become internationally recognised as a representation of peace against war and violence.
T H E H A M S A H A N D
The Hamsa Hand is a palm shaped amulet popular in the Middle East and North Africa.
The symbol predates to Islam, Christianity, as well as Judism. The symbol's given names include: Khamsa Hand, Fatima Hand, and Hand of Miriam. The superstitious symbol is believed to prevent envy and evil forces believed to harm one's fortune, and is also believed to represent the 5 pillars of the Islamic religion: Sincere acknowledgement of God, attending to 5 daily prayers, fasting during the holy month of Ramadan, sharing one's wealth with the poor through an annual charity tax, and finally, performing a pilgrimage to Mecca.
T H E B U D D H A
The buddha statue symbolises the "Eightfold Path", this path requires that one have the right views, right speech, right aspiration, and conduct in life. Buddhism is a belief system that has three main philosophies;
MAHAYANA; CHINA, KOREA, JAPAN
THERVADA; THAILAND, VIETNAM
VAJRAYANA; NEPAL, TIBET
RELAXED: THE MEDITATION POSE "OHM"
LAUGHING: SYMBOLIZES HAPPINESS IN LIFE
HOLIDING A POUCH: SYMBOLIZES GOOD FORTUNE
Under ancient tibetan and monk cultures we see incredible symbols such as the Seed of Life, Flower of Life, precessional geometric diagram symbolising the 8 days in which a human is created. This concept was later developed into the popular Mandala, a perfect asymmetrical design portraying aspects of life and purity through the addition of flower pedals.
T H E E V I L E Y E
Many cultures believe that envious forces released by an individual's negative energy are able to cause injury or misfortune towards someone. The eye is a superstitious amulet presenting protection from the eyes of the envious. In arabic, it is known as "Ain Al Hasud", the word "Hasad" which means Envy, is believed to be present in every individual as one of the seven deadly sins in various religions. The pendant contains a blue eye and is carried around as a good luck charm protecting its holder from the negative envious forces. The eye is usually featured in the centre of the Hamsa Hand
T H E A N K H
The Ankh, also known as Key of Life, is the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic character that reads "Life". The symbol represents the concept of eternal life. Egyptian gods are often portrayed carrying it by the loop or holding on in each hand. An Ankh is usually found either alone or with two other hieroglyphic symbols that read "Strength" and "Health". The origin of the symbol's design still remains a mystery, although many Egyptologists have stated that it may be derived from the male and female reproductive systems combines as one to create a symbol representing eternity of life.
T H E S K U L L & R O S E
Roses are ancient symbols of love and beauty. The skull is one of man's oldest and most powerful symbols, most commonly it is seen as a representation of death or mortality, nut it has many other hidden meanings. Part of the visual appeal of a skull comes from the fact that is is so easily recognisable. The skull was often used by ancient civilisation to ward off any type of evil influence or illness. It is philosophically viewed as the seat of intelligence, spirit, and the spark of human life. Many cultures believe that wearing or displaying skulls would ensure protection and well being.
T H E S C A R A B B E E T L E
Scarab beetles used to survive in vast numbers and represent a significant body of ancient art. Amulets in the form of scarab beetles had become extremely popular in ancient Egypt by the early middle kingdom and remained popular for the rest of the pharaonic period and beyond. Primarily used as amulets for jewellery, scarabs were also created for political or diplomatic purposes to commemorate royal achievements in Egypt. The Ancient Egyptians observed how these beetles survived and were intrigued by their life cycle which led them to carry scarabs as a symbol of rebirth or regeneration. The Egyptian god "Khepri" was often depicted as a scarab beetle.